The main types of sleep apnea doctor are:
Obstructive sleep apnea, the more common form that occurs when throat muscles relax
Central sleep apnea, which occurs when your brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.
Complex sleep apnea syndrome, also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, which occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, commonly referred to as COPD, is a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Many people with COPD have both of these conditions. The top cause of this pulmonary disease treatment is tobacco smoking. Long-term exposure to chemical irritants can also lead to COPD. It’s a disease that usually takes a long time to develop. COPD makes it harder to breathe. Symptoms may be mild at first, beginning with intermittent coughing and shortness of breath. As it progresses, symptoms can become more constant to where it can become increasingly difficult to breathe.
Early symptoms include - occasional shortness of breath, especially after exercise, mild but recurrent cough, needing to clear our throat often, especially first thing in the morning. Diagnosis usually involves imaging tests, blood tests, and lung function tests.
Among long-time smokers, 20 to 30 percent develop COPD. Many others develop lung conditions or have reduced lung function. Most people with COPD are at least 40 years old and have at least some history of smoking. The risk of COPD is even greater if one has asthma and smoke. One can also develop COPD if exposed to chemicals and fumes in the workplace. Long-term exposure to air pollution and inhaling dust can also cause COPD. In developing countries, along with tobacco smoke, homes are often poorly ventilated, forcing families to breathe fumes from burning fuel used for cooking and heating.
There may be a genetic predisposition to developing COPD. Up to an estimated 5% of people with COPD have a deficiency in a protein called alpha-1-antitrypsin. This deficiency causes the lungs to deteriorate and also can affect the liver. There may be other associated genetic factors. However, COPD isn’t contagious.
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