What is UPSC?
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), India's principal regulatory body, administers one of the most competitive and prestigious examinations, the civil services exam. UPSC also conducts a variety of competitive tests to fill various posts in the Indian government's civil service.
The UPSC administers the Civil Services Examination (CSE), also known as the IAS (Indian Administrative Service) exam. UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains are the two parts of the exam. The prelims exam has objective-type questions, whereas the main exam has descriptive and essay-type responses. The UPSC is in charge of administering a variety of exams for positions such as IAS, IPS, and IFS.
What is the history behind the UPSC exam?
The Civil Service test was established by the British East India Company in 1854. At originally, the examinations for the Indian Civil Service were solely held in London. Shri Satyendranath Tagore, Shri Rabindranath Tagore's younger brother, was the first Indian to pass the exam in 1864. India did not hold civil service examinations till after the Montagu Chelmsford reforms.
For the first time, India's Public Service Commission was constituted on October 1, 1926. Sir Ross Barker, a member of the United Kingdom's Home Civil Service, was the Commission's first Chairman. When the Indian Constitution was adopted on January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was renamed the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). As a result, the UPSC was founded as the governing body for government employment examinations.
What are the Functions of UPSC?
The UPSC's responsibilities under Article 320 of the Constitution are as follows:
1. Drafting and amending the Recruitment Rules for government services and positions.
2. Handling disciplinary matters involving various Civil Services or officers.
3. Conduct the Union's recruitment examinations for appointment to the Union's services.
4. Aspirants are directly recruited after being selected through interviews.
5. Appointment of cadre officers for promotion, deputation, or absorption.
6. Advising the government on any topic that the President of India has referred to the Commission.
Which Examinations are conducted by UPSC?
To comprehend UPSC, you must be familiar with the UPSC examinations. The following is a list of UPSC exams:
1) Exams for the National Defence Academy and the Naval Academy (NDA)
2) Examination of the Indian Statistical Service (ISS)
3) Exam for the Indian Economic Service (IES)
4) Exam for the Indian Forest Service (IFS)
5) Exam for both a geoscientist and a geologist
6) IAS, IPS, IRS, and other officers are recruited through the Indian Civil Services Examination (ICSE).
7) Examination for Indian Engineering Services
8) Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE)
9) Exam for Central Armed Police Forces (ACS)
10) Exam for the Combined Defence Services (CDS)
11) Various UPSC EPFO and other exams recruitment tests
Why is Civil Services of India considered as a dream career by so many?
The UPSC Civil Services Exam leads to positions such as IAS, IPS, IFS, and IRS (20+ jobs/services). The Civil Services, with its wide range of jobs, have a greater scope of jurisdiction and power than any other service in India. Civil service provides a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to pursue personal goals while also contributing to society.
Civil Services include all a person wishes to achieve:
1) Possibility to contribute to nation-building and make a difference in people's lives.
2) Civil servants contribute to the country's decision-making process, represent the country at international forums, maintain law and order, participate in developmental activities, travel the length and width of the country, meet various types of people, and so on.
3) Salaries: Since the 7th pay commission, civil servants' salaries have been on par with those in the private sector. Aside from the wage scale, federal officials receive significant benefits and subsidies.
4) Civil servants are regarded as powerful and prestigious symbols.
5) Job Security: Civil officials are unable to be fired easily, giving them a strong sense of job security. Civil servants work until they reach the age of 60, with the possibility of an extension.
How to get selected into the Civil Services of India?
The Civil Services Exam (CSE) is held every year by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit for various civil service positions. CSE tests an aspirant's knowledge in three different formats or levels.
1) UPSC examines information in an MCQ format in the first level, the UPSC Prelims Exam. The whole point is to separate the wheat from the chaff, to distinguish the serious candidates from the rest of the pack.
2) The knowledge is tested in a subjective format in the second stage, the UPSC Mains Exam when your written expression is tested. This is made more challenging by limiting the examinee to a certain number of words. One must not only have information, but also the ability to put that knowledge on paper within a set word limit and time constraint.
3) The Personality Test, often known as the UPSC Interview, is the third stage in a candidate's evaluation. The goal here is to assess a candidate's personality traits. How articulate the applicant is, in terms of verbal expression, body language, honesty, the courage of conviction, and other qualities; of course, the platform used to assess these qualities is knowledge-based. After clearing all these steps you become a civil servant.
About Forum IAS
Forum IAS was founded in 2012 by Mr. Ayush Sinha, the founder of Flaviant Network Private Limited, as an online platform for young people studying for civil service exams. In the last eight years, it has produced Rank 1 in the Civil Services Examination, the Indian Forest Services Examination (3 times!), and the Bihar State PCS. Today, more than 4000 Forum IAS Community Members and Academy Students serve the country on a national and international level. If you want to become an IAS, Forum IAS can help you reach your goal.
If you have any more queries, please contact Flaviant Network or Flaviant Network Private Limited can be reached via their website.