Usually water is used to transfer the heat to the heat storage vessel. The fluid flow may be assisted by a mechanical pump - which in itself could be powered by photovoltaic cells - or when setting conditions are available, allowing convection to circulate the fluid to the upper storage vessel mounted the circuit, also known as a thermosiphon.Solar hot water panel technology was very popular in the 1920's in Southern California and Florida and is not a new technology from that point of view. This repetition of heating, making use of energy, and cooling is started afresh every day and continues the whole day for the efficacious life of the solar hot water heater. Initially clean and clod water is warmed and kept in a hot water cylinder.
The heated fluid is pumped to a heat exchanger, which is a coil in the storage vessel or an external heat exchanger where it gives off its heat and is then circulated back to the panel to be reheated. Circulation tubes found in absorber plates are an important part of flat-plate solar-thermal collectors, normally mounted on the roof of a house. The water moves through the tubes carries the heat away and stored for use.. A heat exchanger releases heat and moves the cooled water once again into the solar hot water array in order to be heated again. Solar hot water heaters are made of many hot water panel units, and could be completely automated systems. The water to water heat exchanger manufacturers water is heated simply by using the energy of the sun.
The absorber which is coated with a dark selective surface helps in the conversion of the sun's radiation into heat. After this the hot water solar panels are placed on the roof, each one having a dark coloured plate for heat absorption and tubes which circulate the water. Any business that uses a large amount of hot water, like a laundromat, finds these arrays particularly useful.Heated water from the solar water heater to a place where it can be used or stored